Education System in Canada for International Students

Education System in Canada for International Students

The Canadian education system covers elementary, secondary and post-secondary education. Education is provided publicly, funded by federal, provincial and local governments. There is slightly difference between the education system in each province and territories because the education in Canada is governed by each provincial and territorial government.

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In 2015/16 edition, QS world university ranking featured a total of 26 Canadian universities within the top 800 universities worldwide. Some of the top universities of Canada are

  • McGill University, ranked 24th in the world
  • University of Toronto, ranked 34th in the world
  • University of British Columbia, ranked 50th in the world
  • University of Alberta, ranked 96th.
  • University of Montreal, ranked 115th
  • McMaster University
  • University of Waterloo
  • Western University
  • University of Calgary
  • Queen’s University

All the provinces and territories provide universal, free elementary and secondary schooling for 12years. On the other hand in Quebec it is for 11 years which is followed by a program to prepare students for technical field or university. Also the education is mandatory to the age of between 15 and 18, depending on the province. The education is available in both English and French. The education system in Canada is provided at different levels, which are described below:

Elementary Education System in Canada

The elementary school generally includes grades 1 through 6 with 2 years of middle school or junior high school. In some areas elementary education goes up to grade 8. In Quebec, the elementary school is grade 1 to 6.

Secondary Education System in Canada

The secondary education is generally regarded as high school which includes the grades 9 through 12. Secondary school covers the final four to six years of compulsory education. After secondary education, students may proceed to tertiary education or post-secondary education.

Post-secondary Education System in Canada

Postsecondary education is available in both government-supported and private institutions, which offer degrees, diplomas and certificates depending on the nature of the institution and the length of the program. A recognized post-secondary institution is a private or public institution that has been given full authority to grant degrees, diplomas, and other credentials by a public or private act of the provincial or territorial legislature.

Vocational Education and Training in Canada

Vocational education refers to a multi-year program or a series of courses providing specialized instruction in a skill or a trade intending to lead the student directly into a career or program based on that skill or trade. It is offered in secondary schools and at the postsecondary level in public colleges and institutes, private colleges, and in the workplace, through apprenticeship programs. At the secondary level, vocational programs may be offered at separate, specialized schools or as optional programs in schools offering both academic and vocational streams.

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